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canada goose The Supreme Court agreed Tuesday to consider a new challenge to President Obama’s Affordable Care Act and decide whether employers with canada goose uk site religious objections may refuse to provide their workers with mandated insurance coverage canada goose outlet uk fake for contraceptives. canada goose
Canada Goose sale The cases accepted by the court offer complex questions about religious freedom and equality for female workers, along with an issue the court has not yet confronted: whether secular, for profit corporations are excepted by the canada goose outlet uk Constitution or federal statute from complying with a law because canada goose outlet factory of their owners’ religious beliefs. Canada Goose sale
canada goose store The justices accepted two cases that produced opposite results in lower courts. canada goose store
canada goose black friday sale One was brought by the owners of canada goose outlet legit Hobby Lobby, an arts and crafts chain that its owner, David Green, said is run on biblical principles. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit in Denver said forcing canada goose outlet paypal the company to comply with the contraceptive mandate would violate the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, a 1993 law canada goose outlet nyc providing special protections for religious expression. canada goose black friday sale
Canada Goose online In a divided opinion, the appeals court relied in part on the Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which said corporations have political speech rights just as individuals do in spending on elections. Canada Goose online
buy canada goose jacket “We see no reason the Supreme Court would recognize constitutional protection for a corporation’s political expression but not its religious expression,” Judge Timothy Tymkovich wrote for the majority. buy canada goose jacket
The second case went the other way. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit in Philadelphia ruled that Conestoga Wood Specialties, a Pennsylvania cabinet making company owned by a Mennonite family, must comply with the contraceptive mandate.
Canada Goose Outlet That decision noted the 10th Circuit’s opinion but said that there was a “total absence of case law” to support the argument that corporations are protected canada goose outlet london by the Constitution’s guarantee of free exercise of religion. Canada Goose canada goose outlet Outlet
“Even if we were to disregard the lack of historical recognition of the canada goose jacket outlet store right, we simply cannot understand how a for profit, secular corporation apart from its owners can exercise religion,” Circuit Judge Robert E. Cowen wrote.
The canada goose factory outlet vancouver religious freedom act prohibits the federal government from imposing a “substantial burden” on a person’s canada goose outlet washington dc exercise of religion unless canada goose outlet store montreal there is a “compelling governmental interest” and the measure is the least restrictive method of achieving the interest.
canada goose coats The court said the cases will be consolidated for oral argument, which is likely to be in March. canada goose coats
canada goose coats on sale In a dramatic 5 to 4 decision in June 2012, the Supreme Court upheld the basic underpinnings of what has come to be called Obamacare, which requires most Americans to obtain canada goose jacket outlet toronto health insurance coverage or pay a penalty. canada goose coats on sale
canada goose clearance sale Employers of a certain size are required to offer coverage or be fined, and the Obama administration has said that among the basic benefits that must be offered is the full range of birth control options approved by the Food and Drug Administration. canada goose clearance sale
The administration exempted canada goose outlet in montreal some religious groups from the requirement but has said that for profit corporations cannot claim a religious exception.
In a statement, White House press secretary Jay Carney said: “We believe this requirement is lawful and essential to women’s health and are confident the Supreme Court will agree.”
buy canada goose jacket cheap Carney said birth control decisions should be up to a woman and her doctor. “The President believes that no one, including the government or for profit corporations, should be able to dictate those decisions to women.” buy canada goose jacket cheap
Sen. Patty Murray (D Wash.) said the issue is one of equality.
Canada Goose Jackets “Allowing a woman’s boss to call the shots about her access to birth control should be inconceivable to all Americans in this day and age,” canada goose stockists uk she said in a statement, adding: “That is a slippery slope that could lead to bosses dictating everything from an employee’s ability to access HIV treatment to their ability to vaccinate their children.” Canada Goose Jackets
canada goose deals On the canada goose outlet toronto address Republican side, House Speaker canada goose factory outlet toronto location John A. Boehner (Ohio) called the requirement “an attack on religious freedom, and I’m hopeful it will be reversed by the Court.” canada goose deals
Sen. Orrin Hatch (R Utah) said: “I’ve long argued that Obamacare violated the religious liberty protections Americans hold dear, regardless of political party.”
The two cases the court accepted have some differences. canada goose outlet in vancouver But Matt Bowman of the Alliance Defending Freedom, who represents Conestoga owner canada goose jacket uk Anthony Hahn canada goose outlet shop and his family, said both involve canada goose outlet online uk “families putting their faith in the context of business.”
Hobby Lobby has grown from a single store opened in Oklahoma City in 1972 to more than 500 stores nationally and a workforce of 13,000 people of all faiths. In its brief, the company said it shows its religious foundation by such actions as closing on Sunday and refusing to sell shot glasses.
Conestoga is a closely held family corporation that employs 950 and specializes in cabinetry.
Both sets of owners say they are comfortable offering insurance plans that cover most types of contraceptives, but not what they consider “abortifacients.” Conestoga objects to offering the emergency contraceptives Plan B and Ella. Hobby Lobby adds intrauterine devices (IUDs) to that list. (The court took no action on a petition from a Michigan company that does not want to cover any contraceptives.)
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The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists said “abortifacient” has a precise meaning. “Contraceptives that prevent fertilization from occurring, or even https://www.winterdownparkas.com prevent implantation [of a fertilized egg] are simply not abortifacients regardless of an individual’s personal or religious beliefs or mores,” it said in a brief.
But a competing brief from anti abortion obstetricians and gynecologists and the Catholic Medical Association takes issue. “This is a nonresponse to the concern that a drug or device can work after fertilization, by blocking the implantation of a developing human embryo,” it said. “Such drugs might not end a ‘pregnancy’.. but it does end the life of a unique human being.”.